Tzuba Tourism offers individual or guided tours to natural and historical sites:

 

Trek No.1 – Tzuba Mountain, the oak tree and the hollow olive tree.

The trek starts from the Oren factory square.

  1. Climb along the road towards Tzuba Mountain. On your left you will find a sign Rabin Park and a dirt road climbing to the left (to the North) to the remains of the Arab village Tzuba located on the ruins of the Belmont fortress. Follow the trail signs. On the top you will find the ruins of a Crusader church and water cisterns, along the slope you will see the ruins of the fortified wall.
  2. The top of the mountain offers a magnificent view of the Jerusalem Mountains and the Hebron Mountains ( the Gush Etzion area).
  3. Following the road down you will find a wooden sign “to the oak tree”. A walk down the trail will bring you to the oldest oak tree in the Jerusalem Mountains (It is thought to be 700 years old) and next toit an ancient olive tree with a hollow trunk. Those trees owe their longevity to the proximity of the Muslim cemetery of the Tzuba village. Families who came to visit the tombs of their dear ones sat in the shade of the trees and ate their food there. The remnants that the visitors threw enriched the soil and their sitting there destroyed the wild weeds. The trees have thrived and are still growing. There is also an old ruin of a Crusader building nearby.
  4. Walk back to the Oren factory square.

 

Trek No 2 – Tzuba Mountain and the source.


Adapted for families with children, duration about an hour and a half, walking distance some 2 kilometers.

  1. Climb along the road towards Tzuba Mountain. On your left you will find a sign Rabin Park and a dirt road climbing to the left (to the North) to the remains of the Arab village Tzuba located on the ruins of the Belmont fortress. Follow the trail signs. On the top you will find the ruins of a Crusader church and water cisterns, along the slope you will see the ruins of the fortified wall.
  2. The top of the mountain offers a magnificent view of the Jerusalem Mountains and the Hebron Mountains ( the Gush Etzion area).
  3. At this point you could go and visit the oak tree (See Trek No.1, section 3).
  4. Follow the road eastward and go down about half a kilometer to the Jubilee Parking. Here you could rest and have a picnic. From the parking you should go south (downwards) in a dirt trail. After 300 meters you will meet the orchard road (look for the signs) and you should go down by a steep trail to Ein Tzuba. A guide positioned there will allow you to enter the source. (Price is 5 Shekels. Entrance is free if you have a KIFTZUBA ticket or a Belmont ticket).
  5. You have now entered an underground source. The water surges from two separate openings into water channels 11 meters long and form small additional openings in the rock. The water flows to an underground hall, with arched supports that was dug apparently in the Herodian period. The floor of the hall divided by a wall into two parts is found 5.8 meters from ground surface and its area is 39.5 square meters. The sustaining walls support arches made of basalt stone. The water flows along a tunnel 43 meters long and reaches a small pool that serves as a watering hole form which provided water for people and their herds. The water flows from there to an underwater cistern, some 25 meters from the watering hole. The dimensions of the cistern are 11meters by 6 meters and it is 3.6 meters deep. When full it holds 235 cubic meters of water.
  6. After your visit, a 15 minutes’ walk to the left (westwards) through the orchards will bring back to the square of the Oren factory.

 

Ein Tzuba


Open to the public from Sunday to Thursday between 11:00 am and 3:00 pm
Friday and Saturday from 11:00 am to 03:00pm.
Special opening hours for groups can be arranged: Call +972 545 637068

Trek No 3 – The Rock Plateau – remains of ancient agriculture and the burial cave of the Biblical city of Tzuba.


Adapted for families with children, duration about an hour and a half, walking distance about 1 kilometer.
This itinerary crosses orchards and vineyards of the kibbutz. Please treat the plants and trees with respect and do not cut wild flowers. It is recommended to use the services of a local guide who will show you places of interest off the beaten track.

  1. Leave the square in front of the Oren factory northwards through the orchards or go down from Tzuba Mountain on the eastern side following the trail marked in green. Walk about 1 kilometer along the vines. The roses at the end of the rows share the color of the wine: white roses for the white wine and red roses for the red wine. After a 15 minutes’ walk you will reach an iron gate and a memorial – The Rabin memorial. There is a shaded seating place from which you can enjoy the vista.
  2. Follow the lower terrace to the west. Walk along the rock until you see the opening to a burial cave hidden by an olive tree. This burial cave from the First Temple period is very well preserved and teaches us about burial practices in the Kings’ period.
  3. Next to the cave you will find wells, purification baths, a threshing floor and wine presses.
  4. Climbing up the terraces, to the end of the cliff will bring you to the Rock Plateau – remains of an ancient quarry associated to many legends. One such legend claims that is i the spot were Saul was anointed king of Israel. Here you can learn about the quarrying techniques of the period. The place also serves as a memorial to Nadav Israeli – ‘May he rest in peace’ – who was a member of the kibbutz who fell in Lebanon.
  5. Back to the starting point of the trek.

 

Trek No 4 St John the Baptist cave


Adapted for families with children over 10 years old. In order to understand the complexity of the finds in this cave, visitors should have basic notions in history. All visits to St John the Baptist cave are accompanied by a guide and have to be booked in advance.
We leave the kibbutz by car and drive up to the point where the walking tour starts. We walk up to the entrance to the cave. Inside the cave, we can see the three main periods in its history. The First Temple period – During this period a very large official water system was in operation and served a water rich industry, probably a clay industry. The second period is the Second Temple period (During the lifetime of St John the Baptist), when the cave served as a baptismal place and a purification pool (Mikve). The third period is the Byzantine period where memorial services for St John the Baptist were held.

In order to arrange a guided visit to the cave, please contact Ilanit at +972 2 5347000 or send an e-mail to ilanit@tzuba.co.il